Making Sense of the Appraisal ProcessOne's home purchase is the most important transaction some might ever encounter. Whether it's a main residence, a second vacation property or a rental fixer upper, purchasing real property is a complex transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
You're likely to be familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The real estate agent is the most familiar entity in the exchange. Then, the mortgage company provides the money necessary to finance the deal. The title company makes sure that all requirements of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to pass from the seller to the purchaser.
So what party is responsible for making sure the property is consistent with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Texas licensed appraiser from North Texas Appraisal Group will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject propertyTo determine an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first perform a thorough inspection. We must actually view aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc., to ensure they indeed are there and are in the condition a reasonable buyer would expect them to be. To make sure the stated size of the property has not been misrepresented and convey the layout of the property, the inspection often requires creating a sketch of the floor plan. Most importantly, the appraiser identifies any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Once the site has been inspected, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: a sales comparison, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Cost ApproachThis is where we gather information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other elements to calculate how much it would cost to build a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This value commonly sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Paired Sales AnalysisAppraisers are intimately familiar with the neighborhoods in which they work. We innately understand the value of specific features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in the area and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the home being appraised. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, extra bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing a house is sometimes employed when an area has a measurable number of rental properties. In this scenario, the amount of revenue the property yields is taken into consideration along with other rents in the area for comparable properties to determine the current value.
The Bottom LineCombining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the subject property. Note: While the appraised value is probably the most accurate indication of what a house would sell for in an open market, it probably will not be the price at which the property closes. It's not uncommon for prices to be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. Here's what it all boils down to: An appraiser from North Texas Appraisal Group will guarantee you attain the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.